Hide menu

The Brain and the Nervous System

The nervous system receives and stores information, processes and interprets sensory information, and controls bodily functions.

The brain is the most complicated organ in the human body. It gives us our personality and our feelings, and is responsible for consciousness, self-awareness, time perception, and memory functions.

The brain, the spinal cord, and the peripheral nerves within a human being contain 100 billion nerve cells, called neurons, of at least 10,000 different types. Studies of the molecular energy mechanisms that control specialization have revealed that neurons are not controlled by a single regulatory gene, but by a sequential, combined effect of many regulatory genes and their unique interaction with the brain’s neural pathways.
Research into the nervous system has made great strides in recent years. It has been passably well demonstrated today how neurotransmitters in various parts of the brain contribute to stimulating or impeding signals from being transmitted further. The new molecular biology, and new imaging techniques and surgical methods, have radically increased the opportunities to understand and fix injuries and diseases in the nervous system.


Research Centre

Centre for Systems Neurobiology

Areas of Research



Aanstoot Janna
Alenius Mattias
Ball Martin J
Blomqvist Anders
Eintrei Christina
Elinder Fredrik
Engblom David
Engström Maria
Ernerudh Jan
Fagerholm Per
Falkmer Torbjörn
Forsberg Pia
Fridberger Anders
Dizdar Segrell Nil
Gerdle Björn
Granseth Björn
Gustafsson Per A
Hallbeck Martin
Hammarström Per
Heilig Markus
Kågedal Katarina
Lagali Neil
Larsson Britt
Ledin Torbjörn
Lundberg Peter
Lundeborg Hammarström Inger
Marcusson Jan
Mohseni Simin



Morrison India
Nilsberth Camilla
Nilsson Sven Erik
Samuelsson Christina
Stenfelt Stefan
Svanborg Eva
Svedin Carl Göran
Theodorsson Elvar
Thor Stefan
Thorsell Annika
Vrethem Magnus
Wårdell Karin  
Öllinger Karin


Page manager: susanne.b.karlsson@liu.se
Last updated: 2015-10-07